Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Science, Engineering and Technology journal follows ethical norms accepted by the international scientific community. Editorial Team makes all efforts to prevent any infringements of these norms.
Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. Our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement follows the "Codes of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines" developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). This publication ethics statement includes the respective responsibilities of authors, reviewers, and editors.
Publication decisions: The editor is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the journal's editorial board's policies and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Fair play: The editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
Confidentiality: The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's research without the author's express written consent.
Science, Engineering and Technology will not consider any manuscript or part of a manuscript that has been published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere in any language. Distribution on the internet and conference proceedings may be considered before publication and may compromise the originality of the manuscript.
Authors submitting to Science, Engineering and Technology journal accept the terms of publication ethics and confirm that the manuscript is an original research contribution with the references properly cited in the manuscript. Taking the ideas and work of other scientists without giving them credit is unfair and dishonest. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has been previously published, without proper citation, is considered plagiarism. Therefore, the authors should ensure that they have submitted original work. If the authors have used the work of others, they need to provide the appropriate citation. Plagiarism will be dealt with according to the COPE guidelines (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines).
Also, it is important to avoid:
- Data fabrication and falsification:
Data fabrication means the researcher did not actually do the study, but faked the data. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data.
- Multiple submissions:
It is unethical to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. Doing this wastes the time of editors and peer reviewers, and can damage the reputation of the authors and the journals if published in more than one journal as the later publication will have to be retracted.
- Redundant publications (or ‘salami’ publications):
This means publishing many very similar manuscripts based on the same experiment. Combining your results into one very robust paper is more likely to be of interest to a selective journal. Editors are likely to reject a weak paper that they suspect is a result of salami slicing.
- Improper author contribution or attribution:
All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don’t forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution. Do not “gift” authorship to those who did not contribute to the manuscript.
If authors are caught that engage in unethical behavior, their manuscript may be rejected without review and their institution may be informed.
Editors will not use unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent. Submissions made to a journal by the Editor will be handled by an alternative Editor to ensure the process remains fair and unbiased.
Reviewers (referees) should not agree to review any manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions. Referees should not use information obtained during the peer review process for their own or any other person’s advantage, or to disadvantage or discredit others.
Authors have to disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to disclose with the submission all pertinent commercial and other relationships.
Withdrawing a manuscript during peer review or after, but before publication, is an uncommon event. Note that withdrawal is unethical and considered to violate scientific norms (i.e. poor scientific practice bordering on scientific misconduct) and must be done only in exceptional cases. Before you send us a mail with a withdrawal request, please consider that editor and reviewers have likely already invested significant (and unpaid) time reviewing your manuscript. Therefore, please let us know before withdrawing if there is anything we can do to avoid the withdrawal. We are happy to work with authors and editors to remove any perceived barriers to publishing. Before the review process has started, the corresponding author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any fee. Also, the authors could suggest the withdrawal without paying any fee if there is no updated progress review information after six months from our side. However, if authors request to withdraw manuscripts at any time after the start of the review (when the manuscript is in the peer-reviewing process), a withdrawal fee of 200 EUR will have to be paid. If the authors are not ready to pay the specified amount, an embargo period of 6 months is activated, during which the authors are not allowed to submit their work for review in another journal. Authors must not assume their manuscript withdrawn until they have received an Formal Withdrawal Confirmation Letter from the Journal. Else, Journal reserves the right to legally raise objection on the publication of the said article in any other journal or platform.
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