Investigating the Influence of Chemical Reaction on MHD-Casson Nanofluid Flow via a Porous Stretching Sheet with Suction/Injection


  • Damala Chenna Kesavaiah Department of Basic Sciences & Humanities, Vignan Institute of Technology and Science, Deshmukhi (V), Pochampally (M), Yadadri-Bhuvangiri, Pin: 508284, Telangana, India
  • Vellanki Nagaraju Department of Mathematics, B. V. Raju Institute of Technology, Narsapur-502313, Medak, Telangana, India
  • Venkateswarlu Bhumarapu School of Mechanical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan-38541, Republic of Korea



chemical reaction, Casson nanofluid, MHD, porous medium, section/injection, heat and mass transfer, stretching sheet, viscous dissipation


This study aims to investigate the influence of chemical reaction on the flow characteristics of a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Casson nanofluid over a porous stretching sheet with suction/injection. The nanofluid (NF) is comprised of a base fluid with suspended nanoparticles (NPs), and the Casson fluid (CF) model is employed to capture the non-Newtonian behavior. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) for momentum, energy, and NP concentration are derived, incorporating the effects of magnetic field, viscous dissipation, chemical reaction, and porous medium. The resulting system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs) is solved numerically using the Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg method together with the shooting process. The effects of various physical parameters, such as magnetic field strength, porous medium, CF parameters, NP volume fraction, suction/injection parameter, and chemical reaction parameter, on the flow characteristics are examined in detail. The results reveal that faster movement is linked to higher Grashof numbers and porous mediums, but weaker magnetic fields slow it down. The suction/injection affect velocity inversely. The Prandtl and Eckert numbers have opposite effects on temperature fields. The thermophoresis and Brownian motion parameters affect the opposite trends of the concentration and temperature distributions. The concentration reduces with chemical reaction parameters and the Lewis number. Heat transfer (HT) is enhanced for higher Brownian and thermophoresis. The findings of this study can have potential applications in various engineering fields, such as microfluidics, chemical processing, and thermal management systems, where precise control of fluid flow and heat transfer is essential.




How to Cite

Chenna Kesavaiah, D., Nagaraju, V., & Bhumarapu, V. (2023). Investigating the Influence of Chemical Reaction on MHD-Casson Nanofluid Flow via a Porous Stretching Sheet with Suction/Injection . Science, Engineering and Technology, 3(2), 47–62.



Research Article